“More google searches take place on mobile devices than on computers in 10 countries including the US and Japan.”Now, people use their smartphones more than desktops to find the things they are in the search of, meaning your website needs to be optimized for mobile devices if you want to get found in a mobile search. How can you ensure that your website is optimized for mobile devices? Well, this is what I am going to explain in this post. As this is a mammoth post, I have added links to different sections for easy navigation. Table of Contents
1- What is mobile optimization? 2- How Mobile SEO Is Different Than Desktop SEO 3- Why You Can’t Ignore Mobile SEO 4- What Is Mobile-First Index? 5- Tools to Analyze a Website for Mobile Search 6- Get Mobile SEO Right: Easy Steps 6.1- Optimizing Content for Mobile 6.2- Mobile Optimization for Technical Aspects 6.3- Mobile Optimization for User Experience 7- Common Mistake in Mobile SEO 8- Conclusion
What is Mobile Optimization?If you are thinking mobile optimization is making a website mobile-friendly, you are wrong. A mobile-friendly website will shrink its pages to be viewable on mobile devices, while mobile optimization is the process to offer visitors a seamless experience optimized for mobile devices. Mobile optimization considers content, site design, site structure, page speed, and more to ensure that visitors can effortlessly accomplish what they want to do on any mobile device.
How Mobile SEO Is Different Than Desktop SEOThough some desktop SEO tactics are the same for mobile SEO, Mobile SEO and desktop SEO are two different, separate entities. What makes mobile SEO different from desktop SEO? Here is a list:
- Mobile often uses different search behavior as not all mobile users search with keywords
- Mobile has different level of engagement- mobile users are highly-focused, but they are less interested in scrolling down as compared to desktop users
- Mobile looks at different quality signals to rank a website
- Mobile search uses a different ranking algorithm that often changes search results on a mobile phone due to location factor
Why You Can’t Ignore Mobile SEOMore people, as previously mentioned, are now using mobile phones than desktops to search their queries. And the number of mobile phones is growing exponentially. According to Statista, There are around 2.32 billion smartphone users worldwide now. And the number is expected to reach 2.87 billion till 2020. With such a large user base, you cannot ignore mobile SEO. Can you? Google itself has been trying hard to encourage web developers to build mobile-friendly websites. On April 2015, Google released Mobilegeddon, the Google mobile-friendly update designed to boost the ranking of mobile-friendly pages in mobile search results. Since Mobilegeddon, Google has made a tremendous progress. Now, it is going to roll out mobile-first index.
What Is Mobile-First Index?Though a large number of people is using mobile phones to search, Google still looks at the desktop version of the site to evaluate its relevance. To make results more useful and in line with the fact that more people access to mobile devices to search, Google has begun experimenting mobile-first index. However, it does not mean Google will have two indexes of a website. Google says,
“Although our search index will continue to be a single index of websites and apps, our algorithms will eventually primarily use the mobile version of a site’s content to rank pages from that site, to understand structured data, and to show snippets from those pages in our results.”Here is what Google recommends to get ready for mobile-first indexing:
- Those having dynamic serving websites and responsive sites with equivalent markup and primary content across desktop and mobile won’t have to change anything
- Businesses having only verified desktop website in search console should add and verify mobile version in search console
- Business with different primary content and markup across mobile and desktop websites should make some changes, such as serving structured markup for both desktop and mobile version and verifying that mobile version is accessible to Googlebot
Tools to Analyze a Website for Mobile SearchYou reckon that mobile SEO is important. Great! It is the right thing to optimize your website for mobile search. But before that, you need to know how to analyze a website to know if a website is ready for mobile search. Thankfully, there are many tools that come handy in the process to examine a site for mobile search. I will explain three of my favorites:
1- Google’s Mobile-Friendly TestAs the term suggests, Google’s Mobile-Friendly Test can help you know how a visitor can see your website pages on a mobile device.
2- Google’s PageSpeed InsightsThis is very helpful for mobile SEO. PageSpeed Insights checks the performance of a page for mobile and desktop devices. To provide data, PageSpeed Insights fetches the URL twice – once with a desktop user-agent and once with mobile user-agent. PageSpeed Insights provides a score based on common performance best practices and offers a score, ranging from 0 to 100 points.
3- Test Mobile SpeedIt is a more advanced tool than Google’s PageSpeed Insights. It is more visually appealing and easy-to-use. What’s more, this tool offers a comprehensive report that you can get in your mail. This tool from Google is probably the only tool you need to analyze your website for mobile optimization. The best thing about it is its detailed report that will provide you with comprehensive suggestions on optimizing your website for mobile.
Get Mobile SEO Right: Easy StepsSo you have analyzed your website and found that your website needs to be optimized for mobile. The next, I will discuss the step-by-step process to get mobile SEO right in 2019:
Optimizing Content for MobileThere is a popular saying about content propelled first by Bill Gates. Content is King! This is true for mobile optimization as well. My friend, if you want to get the top ranking in mobile-first indexing, you should closely watch the content of your website and ensure that the content is optimized for mobile devices. Here is how you can do it.
Word CountWhen it comes to word count, you need to understand that it is quite tiresome to read long articles on mobile devices, especially on smartphones. However, people read a lot on mobile devices. So you need to ensure they have a good reading experience. Keeping content between 700 and 1000 words is plenty for mobile devices.
Keywords and Related PhrasesIncluding keywords and related phrases in content supports desktop SEO. Does it support mobile SEO? The answer is yes. However, you should try to avoid over-optimizing your content for mobile devices. Needless to say, Google is going to make meta descriptions and meta titles short for mobile sites. So it is advisable that you should not write long Meta descriptions and titles. Else, they will be truncated by Google. Also, you should not forget the fact that more than 20% of mobile queries are voice search now. This means you should optimize your content keeping voice search in the mind. According to research, 22% voice queries are pertinent to local information, indicating that you should include natural key phrases that people often use to find local information in your niche. Also, you should not use those keywords in external links on which you want to rank. Reason? Google might interpret that important information is available on pages that you link externally through the keywords.
Structured Data to Mobile SiteAs mobile devices have limited screen space, search results with rich snippets have a potential to stand out. The first search result has a rating, reviews, and price range while the second result does not show a rich result. Don’t you think viewers will click the first search result first? Yes, certainly they will. You can add a rating, reviews, and price range with the help of Schema.org structured data. What is Schema.org structured data and how can you add it to your website? According to Schema.org,
“Schema.org is a joint effort, in the spirit of sitemaps.org, to improve the web by creating a structured data markup schema supported by major search engines. On-page markup helps search engines understand the information on web pages and provide richer search results.”You can use Schema.org structure data to markup all kinds of items from products to person to place. Here is a full list of items that you can markup with Schema.org structured data. Though we don’t have conclusive data to conclude that structured data improves ranking in search results, rich web pages (those created with Schema.org) have better click-through rates (CTR) on mobile devices.
Mobile Optimization for Technical AspectsThere are various aspects of technical mobile SEO that you should take into consideration to optimize your website for mobile search. Here are five important factors that influencer mobile ranking:
Site SpeedIt is obvious that users show less patience when they are surfing on mobile devices. According to a report published on Think with Google blog,
“The average U.S. retail mobile site loaded in 6.9 seconds in July 2016, but, according to the most recent data, 40% of consumers will leave a page that takes longer than three seconds to load.”What is more, It is official now page speed will be a ranking factor in mobile-first indexing. This simply means Google will give preferences to fast pages. My friend, you cannot afford to have slow loading pages. How can you boost site speed? Followings are a few proven ways to increase the site speed of your pages:
- Measure and minimize server response time
- Minimize redirects
- Optimize and minify CSS and JS files
- Use compression to reduce file sizes
- Put CSS at the top and JS at the bottom of HTML files
FlashIf you are using Flash content on your website, it can affect the performance of your website in mobile search. Why? Most browsers don’t support Flash content at present and they cannot display it. This is the reason why you should avoid using Flash content on your mobile website. The search engine giant itself is against it. Google says,
“Avoid common mistakes that frustrate mobile visitors, such as featuring unplayable videos (e.g., Flash video as the page’s significant content). Mobile pages that provide a poor searcher experience can be demoted in rankings or displayed with a warning in mobile search results.”
Accelerated Mobile PagesIn the recent few months, there has been lots of buzz about accelerated mobile pages. What is it? Accelerated Mobile Pages (AMP) project is an open resource that is designed to offer better web experience across all devices. With the help of AMP project, you can create beautiful, fast, high-performing ads and websites across platforms and devices. Will AMP help you with mobile SEO? The answer is Yes. As accelerated mobile pages have light CSS and HTML code, they load 30 times faster than regular pages. This boosts mobile ranking and click-through rates. AMP offers the best user experience. This is why big brands like The Washington Post uses it.
Technical ErrorsYour mobile website should be free from any technical error. Faulty redirects, 404 errors, duplicate content, faulty navigation, etc. affect mobile ranking. Small technical problems can cause big problems if you don’t fix them quickly.
Mobile Optimization for User ExperienceUser experience and mobile SEO go hand-in-hand. The time when people are using more smartphones than their desktops to search on Google, offering great user-experience benefits mobile SEO. Following is a list of some quick ways to offer awesome user experience on mobile phones:
DesignThere are three ways to implement a mobile website. Here is the Google’s chart comparing the three: Choose the method that suits you.
ImagesImage optimization is a bit tricky because you have to make a fine balance between page performance, user experience, and attractiveness. Here is what Google suggests for image optimization: How many images should you use per page? Well, it depends. On average, a single mobile page has 4 images. Remember, too many images affect page speed. You can read Google’s Guide to Image Optimization here.
TypographyAs I mentioned earlier, reading longs texts on small screens of mobile phones is a bit stressful for eyes. Therefore, you should use easy-to-read typography. Here are a few tips about typography that will help with mobile SEO:
- Use at least the font of 14 pixels
- You should use font color based on the theme of your website
- Add enough whitespace between headings and paragraphs
- Use distinct color for links
- A line should not have more than 65 characters
Touch ElementsDoes your website have interactive elements, such as buttons, surveys quizzes or checkboxes? If yes, you should never use small touch elements as small touch elements often hinder user experience when people are accessing a website on their mobile devices. Imagine the frustration you will feel if you are missing small touch elements again and again or clicking on the wrong elements due to their small sizes. Small touch elements can reduce conversion rate, as users might not be able to click the right button in the first go owing to its small size. Large touch elements optimized for mobile website boost conversions. As rightly pointed out by Neil Patel on Crazy Egg,
“You need to get your users to become more actively involved with your content and website. Why? Because passive lurkers don’t convert! The way to boost your conversions is to boost your interactivity.”Small touch elements are bad for mobile SEO in 2019.
Intrusive InterstitialsBe it a mobile device or a smartphone, people don’t like pop-ups. People even dislike a pop-up that cutely asks for a subscription to a website. Imagine you are searching a website on your smartphone, and a pop-up appears repeatedly covering the entire screen of your phone. Won’t you be annoyed? Of course, you will. Nobody likes to close a pop-up window again and again. Google also doesn’t like pop-ups. The search engine giant says on its blog,
“Pages that show intrusive interstitials provide a poorer experience to users than other pages where content is immediately accessible. This can be problematic on mobile devices where screens are often smaller.”These interstitials hamper user experience so they are bad for mobile SEO. However, interstitials that appear in response to age verification, login dialogs won’t affect the ranking on mobile devices.
Internal LinksNeedless to say, you should have a few internal links on mobile pages due to the limitations of space. Also, you should not place two links together as users might click the wrong link on the small screens of mobile devices. This might affect the conversion rate of your mobile site. So be careful with internal links on your website.
Voice Search OptimizationAs mentioned earlier, a significant number of people is using voice search to find the information they are looking for. This means you need to optimize your content for voice search to improve user experience on your mobile site. Here are a few ways to optimize for voice search:
- Think how people speak – this will help you choose keywords based on natural conversation
- People often ask questions through voice search – include question phrases in your content
- Emphasize semantics
- People often voice search to find local things – optimize your local listing